Who are the most solid lenders on Mintos? Our Mintos lender ratings

Last updated - 22 November 2021

Mintos lenders can default or close down - choosing the best lenders is important

In 2017, Mintos lender Eurocent failed, and defaulted on its Mintos ‘buyback guarantee’ commitments. Since then there have been defaults and issues with several other lenders. Over the last 4 years we have been providing the scores and data on this page – our Mintos lender ratings. Our goal is to provide investors with key information on each lender, and a rating score to help highlight those that are lowest and highest risk. 

To begin with, below we discuss some recent events:

Mintos updates its ratings

Mintos has published some new updates to its ratings. There were no big surprises. Only one company received an upgrade – Dineo Credito. Companies receiving downgrades were Cream, Creditstar, Credissimo, EcoFinance, Novaloan and Sun Finance Mexico. 

Mintos becomes a regulated investment firm

Mintos has announced that it has been licenced by the Latvian authorities to operate a licenced investment platform and also be an electronic money issuer. What does that mean for Mintos investors? The most obvious benefit we can see is actually the electronic money licence. This should improve the safety of cash held on deposit at Mintos, as each investor will have their funds sitting in individually assigned IBANs, with the funds held in custody at regulated banks. Mintos also highlights that it will change the structure of the loans it sells to make them qualify as regulated assets. This will give investors some protections under European Union law (MiFID II). Mintos has also announced that it will be able to sell products such as ETF’s to its investors. We can see why this may be a good ‘cross-sell’ opportunity for Mintos, but it is not clear why investors would chose Mintos to buy ETF’s rather than a dedicated brokerage service.

Aforti litigation is successful - investors achieve a full recovery

Polish lender Aforti defaulted on its obligations to Mintos investors in 2019. The situation has always been a little mysterious as the company has continued to trade, and also remain listed on the Warsaw stock exchange. Mintos launched litigation against the company in 2020 and it has been successful. A bailiff was appointed by the Polish courts earlier this year, who was successful in seizing and selling assets owned by Aforti. Mintos has now announced that it has recovered sufficient funds to full repay all principal amounts outstanding, and some interest accrued since 2019. This is an excellent result, particularly as the Mintos recovery team had said that they were uncertain how much they would be able to recover for investors.

Creamfinance exits Denmark

In 2020 Denmark introduced an interest rate cap on personal loans. That completely killed the business models of many lenders offering short-term loans in the country. We have been cautious about the potential regulatory risks from investing in loans in Denmark for some time. As we note below, Sun Finance has attempted some rule ‘workarounds’, the legality of which has been called into question. Another Mintos lender, Creamfinance has instead decided to just quit and leave Denmark instead. That’s probably a more prudent corporate decision. All Mintos investors have had their Creamfinance Denmark investments repaid.

Akulaku investors achieve a full recovery

Akulaku is an Indonesian fintech lender. It has received investments from some very notable firms such as Sequoia and Ant Financial. It also held $76m of cash in the latest financial statements it uploaded to Mintos. That is why many, including us, were surprised that it was one of the first firms to be suspended in 2020 following the outbreak of Covid. Where had all the cash gone? Why had they been able to raise more equity from their numerous backers? That has never been explained adequately. However, the good news is that investors have now received a full recovery on their investments in Akulaku loans, six months faster than had been expected. That is an  important result because at the time of suspension Mintos investors were owed almost €21 million.

Key financial information of each Mintos lender

The table below captures the key financial information for each lender. This can be useful to quickly lookup the profile of each lender, and compare the strengths and weaknesses of each one.

All Figures in EUR million (profits annualised where appropriate):

Loan originator Reporting period Loans Equity Profit - latest Profit - prior year Profit - 2 years prior Audited?
Eleving (Mogo) Sep 2021 239 34.5 12.3 3.5 6.2
IDF Eurasia Kazakhstan Dec 2020 76.6 21.9 5.0 2.4 -0.3
Creditstar Sep 2021 171 38.3 8.5 6.6 5.8
Capital Service (D) Dec 2020 24.1 -1.5 -3.9 0.0 -0.5
Credissimo Dec 2020 16.9 15.2 1.9 2.4 3.2
IuteCredit Sep 2021 99 23.7 5.9 5.2 8.1
ExpressCredit (D) Dec 2020 20.9 4.5 0.1 1.4 -1.6
DelfinGroup Sep 2021 38.2 8.7 3.5 3.6 3.9
GoCredit Jun 2021 11.2 8.1 1.5 1.1 0.32
LF Tech Jun 2021 22.3 8.3 8.5 X
Jet Finance Jun 2021 2.1 1.5 1.1 -1.9 -1.2
Conmigo Vales / CEGE Jun 2021 73.3 16.6 6.5 1.3 -3.4
ID Finance Mexico Jun 2021 12.7 3.5 2.1 1.4 -2.2
Pay PS Jun 2021 10.6 1.7 0.9 0.6 0.2
Watu Credit Uganda Jun 2021 13.7 1.3 0.9 -0.4
Capem Jun 2021 28.2 12.3 1.4 0.6 0.4
Alivio Jun 2021 8.7 1.2 0.1 0.1 0.1
Sun Finance Denmark Sep 2020 11.6 3.8 4.4 2.1 0.0
Sun Finance Vietnam Nov 2019 1.4 -2.2 -2.4 X
Finko Dinero (D) Dec 2019 11.3 1.0 1.2 -1.5
Finko UkrPozyka (D) Dec 2019 5.0 1.0 -1.7
SOS Credit Sep 2020 1.0 1.1 0.0 0.2 0.2 X
DanaRupiah Dec 2020 0.7 0.8 0.0 2.2
Monego (D) Dec 2018 4.1 0.4 -0.6 0
Sun Finance (Tengo, Kaz.) Dec 2018 4.1 -0.4 X
Cashwagon (D) Feb 2020 27.9 1.0 -5.9 -7.0
Placet Group Jun 2021 47.9 24.5 3.8 3.7 3.1
Akulaku (S) Dec 2019 118.3 65.5 -33.9 -37.9 -22.1
Fenchurch Legal May 2021 10.4 0.5 0.5 X
AgroCredit Dec 2019 6.9 1.9 0.2 0.2 0.1
Wowwo Dec 2020 31.1 10.2 1.7 2.8 1.6
Evergreen Dec 2019 8.5 1.3 1.2 0.2 X
Creamfinance Dec 2020 38.7 11.0 -0.8 0.9 1.2
Extra Finance Dec 2018 4.6 2.0 0.1 2.0 2.0 X
Mozipo Group Dec 2019 14 4.9 0.0 0.3 0.5
Aasa Dec 2019 25.3 17.7 0.4 -9.3 X
Finitera Kredo Dec 2019 10.6 0.2 -1.2 -0.8 -0.2
Creditter Dec 2019 4.4 0.8 0.8 X
Pinjam Yuk Sep 2020 4.5 2.7 -3.8 1.2 X
Revo Technology Sep 2020 23 6.6 1.2 0.8 -1.2
Dozarplati Sep 2020 22.5 6.9 5.8 2.0 0.8 X
Capitalia Mar 2020 1.7 0.6 0.1 0.1 0.0
EcoFinance Dec 2020 6.1 2.4 -1.8 -0.3 0.1
GFM Sep 2020 6.2 5.3 0.4 0.0 X
Dinerito Dec 2020 10.4 3.2 -0.1 0.2 -0.2
Hipocredit Dec 2020 7.9 0.8 0.4 0.3 0.1
Finko Kiva (W) Dec 2019 3.5 0.6 -1.1 0.0
Debifo Dec 2018 7.8 0.1 -0.1 0.2 0.0 X
Kviku Jun 2021 15.2 5.8 5.9 1.2 0.8
Rapido (D) Dec 2018 1.8 -1.7 -1.7 -1.9 -0.8
Finitera Tigo Dec 2019 4.7 0.7 0.7 -0.8 -0.3
Peachy (D) Dec 2018 5.7 -1.4 -0.4 -2
GetBucks (D) Jun 2019 92.1 -41.8 -51.2 -9.5 -12
Finclusion Mar 2021 12.3 8.6 -0.3 3.0 X
Credius Dec 2020 10.0 10.3 1.7 1.1 0.4
Rapicredit Jun 2021 6.9 1.4 0.1 -0.3 -0.5
Watu Credit Dec 2019 27.9 4.8 4.5 1.5 0.2
Podemos Progresar Dec 2020 9.0 6.5 1.6 1.1
Sun Finance Latvia Sep 2020 14.4 8.8 6.3 3.1 -0.7 X
Everest Finanse Dec 2020 90.1 65 2.2 9.0 7.2
Sun Finance Poland Mar 2020 19.5 2.5 4 2.4 -6.9 X
E-Cash Dec 2019 2.3 0.6 -1.3 -0.6 X
Esto Dec 2020 19.7 4.8 1.5 0.4 -0.1
Zenka Aug 2019 1 1.3 -1.7 X
AlfaKredyt Dec 2018 4.9 1.3 0.3 0.2 X
Mikro Kapital Russia Dec 2020 17.7 7.7 0.3 0.4 -0.3
Mikro Kapital Romania Dec 2020 25.6 5.7 0.3 -0.4
Mikro Kapital Uzbekistan Dec 2020 8.5 0.9 0.8 -0.3
Mikro Kapital Belarus Sep 2020 31.1 4.9 1.8 0.8
Mikro Kapital Moldova Dec 2020 16.3 4.0 0.4 0.2 0.4
Fireof Dec 2018 3.8 0.9 0.0 X
ID Finance Spain Sep 2020 40 8.8 4.5 3.3 0.1
TASCredit Sep 2020 25 5.5 2.9 2.0 0.9 X
Lime Zaim Jun 2021 13.9 5.1 1.2 0.0 1.5
Dineo Credito Dec 2019 8.1 1.1 3.4 2.2 2.8
Sun Finance Mexico Mar 2020 2.2 -0.4 -1.9 X
Dziesiątka Finanse (S) Dec 2019 9.5 3.4 0.5 0.2 0.0
Novaloans May 2019 5.3 1.1 0.7 0.6 X
Swell May 2021 7.0 4.0 0.1 -0.8 X
Alex Credit (D) Mar 2019 3.1 1.3 0.6 -0.3 X
CashCredit Sep 2020 5.7 3.2 0.3 0.8 0.1

Note: S = Suspended D= Defaulted W = Solvent windown

Our Mintos lender ratings

Our Mintos lender ratings are based on 5 characteristics – profitability, capitalisation, size, track record and the quality of their reporting. We have allocated marks out of 20 for each metric, giving a total score out of 100. Mintos have recently changed their ratings system, which is now a number from 0-10. A W/D indicates that Mintos has withdrawn their rating. 

Consider country risk too

Mintos offers loans from many different countries around the world, and some countries are more risky than others.  To help investors assess the risk level of each country, we have published a country risk ratings page. This takes into account factors such as currency risks, sovereign risk and the local business environment. We think it is worth considering these risks when building a portfolio allocation, in addition to the LO ratings above. 

Key updates: November 2021

Iute Credit

Iute Credit has released its results for Q3 21.The business remains on track to generate €6m of profits this year. We did notice however that it increased leverage during the quarter, growing its loan portfolio by over €10m. We have slightly cut its capitalisation score as a result, and the overall Iute score is now down 2 to 75.

Score retained: Delfin

Delfin has also released its Q3 results. It had a good quarter, making €1m, and it remains on track to make a profit of between €3- 4m, as it seems to do every year. We really like this kind of consistency, and our score remains at 77.

Note: Creditstar

Creditstar recently published Q3 results that were in line with expectations. However we highlight that it has still not published 2020 audited financials, despite promising to do so 'in the summer'. On a recent call the CEO said that he expects new auditors KPMG to complete their work by the end of November. The continual delays are damaging confidence in Creditstar's management.

Score retained: Eleving

Eleving (formerly Mogo) continue their recovery after a difficult 2020. The company has earned €9.2m in the year to September. Non-performing loan levels have returned to normal levels. The main risk for P2P investors continues to be the high leverage of Eleving - it is more than double the average level of other companies listed on Mintos. Our score remains 68.

Key updates: September/October 2021

Lime Zaim

Lime is a lender based in Russia. We cut the scores of many Russian lenders last year as the country was badly hit by Covid, and the knock on impacts such as currency devaluations and oil price declines. Lime seems to have navigated this period fairly well. It broke even in 2020 and has returned to profitability in the half year to June. While still fairly small it's balance sheet structure looks fine. Our score is up 8 to 60.

Creditstar

We have cut the disclosure quality score of Creditstar from 17 to 10. Why? The company had promised to release 2020 financials audited by KPMG during August. Unfortunately the company has still not released these documents. We are not entirely convinced by the explanations provided for this delay so far, and hope they can be released very soon. Our score is down 7 to 65

Score retained: Delfin

Delfin is one of the most consistent lending companies offering loans on Mintos. It has made profits of between €3 - 4 million in the last 3 years and looks on track to do it again in 2021 too. It provides good quality financial disclosures, and has a sensible balance sheet structure. Our score remains at 77

Credissimo

Credissimo is based in Bulgaria but operates now across 5 countries. It has a good track record, being consistently profitable since 2017, including an audited profit of €1.9m in 2020. Credissimo has a very conservative balance sheet - a very high proportion of its assets are funded with shareholders equity. It has also been improving the quality of its financial reporting, leading us to upgrade its score by 3 to 71

Farewell to...

Julo and Kredit Pintar are no longer listed by Mintos. Both are Indonesian lenders. Neither were particularly large originators on the Mintos platform, and Mintos has not provided any meaningful commentary on why they are no longer active

Score retained: IuteCredit

IuteCredit is one of the largest loan originators operating on Mintos and has been active on the platform for many years. It is a very successful company operating in 5 eastern Europe countries. It remained profitable in 2020 and has announced a €3m profit for 1H2021. It remains one of our highest rated loan originators, with an unchanged score of 77

Score retained: IDF Eurasia

The IDF Eurasia subsidiary active on Mintos is based in Kazakhstan. It's a big operation with a net loan portfolio of €77 million. It has performed well over the last two years - achieving a strong profit of €5 million in 2020. While we are glad to see an audit report from a big 4 firm (EY) the quality of the company's presentations and disclosures is lower than we would expect of a company of this size. Our score remains 63

Rapicredit

Rapicredit is a fairly typical lower quality lender that you can find on Mintos. It is very small, is not profitable, and is located in a higher risk country (Colombia). We doubt that many sophisticated investors will be buying their loans. Following our review of their latest results we have cut their score from 38 to 35

Score retained: Hipocredit

Hipocredit is a small mortgage lending business based in the Baltic region. They have a track record of questionable behaviour as far as Mintos investors are concerned. They have exercised their rights to repurchase loans with good repayment records (at no premium) while leaving investors to hold loans that are in arrears. Investors have long memories and we do too. Our score remains 41.

Key updates: August 2021

New: Capem

Capem is one of a huge number of new Mexican companies to join Mintos this month. It's not clear why there are so many all of a sudden but we think some, such as Capem, are good additions to the platform. Capem provides loans to small and mid-sized businesses. Their lending performance since the Covid outbreak has been very good, with low levels of non-performing loans. The company says that it is due to their very detailed underwriting of loans and ongoing advice provided to clients. It seems to be working. Our initial score is 65

Returning: ID Finance Mexico

ID Finance Mexico has returned to Mintos under a new company structure. Which is good, because the old company it operated under had a big negative equity position after significant losses in 2018 and 2019. It was forced to leave Mintos during 2020. The new company operating the business now says it was profitable in 2020 and profits are on track to be higher this year. The balance sheet leverage is still higher than we would like to see. The high leverage, and chequered track record led to our new score of the relaunched ID Finance being 48

New: Pay PS

Pay PS is a very typical Mintos lender. It operates in Russia, specialises in high cost unsecured personal loans, and it is quite small, with a loan portfolio of €11 million. The company does seem to have fairly good technology in place, and they have been profitable over the last 18 months in a difficult operating environment. Their main weaknesses are their small size, high leverage and limited track record. Our initial score is 49

New: Watu Uganda

Watu Uganda is a sister company to Watu Kenya. Watu Kenya seems to have quietly left Mintos after experiencing some Covid related issues, but all Mintos investors seem to have been repaid. Watu has a good business model that benefits society. Loans are secured on motorbikes. The motorbikes provide borrowers with income acting as local taxi riders. The company reports an unaudited profit of €0.9m in the most recent year. Watu's small size, limited track record and location impacts its initial score which is 41

New: GoCredit

Many new Mexican lenders have joined Mintos this month and we think GoCredit is the best of them. GoCredit makes most of its revenues lending to borrowers who then receive repayments directly from employers as a deduction from salary payments. This is quite a low risk type of lending as shown in the GoCredit P&L where the ratio of interest earned to bad debts expense is very good - around 8 to 1. Mintos have also put into place some structural features that reduces the impact if GoCredit becomes insolvent. GoCredit also has a strong balance sheet structure, with a lot of equity funding its assets. Our initial score is 66

New: Conmigo Vales

Another Mexican lender to join is Conmigo Vales. It has a very old fashioned business model involving lots of human interaction. Loans are made via vouchers to be used at certain stores. It is hard to see that a company like Conmigo Vales will ever be particularly profitable or have a bright future. For the purposes of our score we have relied heavily on the guarantee provided by its much larger parent CEGE. CEGE would likely receive a score in the high 60's if it listed loans directly on Mintos. However our score for Conmigo Vales is 50, which reflects the ultra small size of Conmigo Vales, its poor business model, and the risk that the guarantee may not be effective

New: Alivio

Alivio is a small Mexican lender that focuses on providing finance to cover health care costs. There is little public provision of health care in Mexico and we could imagine that there could be a profitable opportunity in this space. Unfortunately Alivio has not really generated much profit so far, only breaking even since 2018. The other main negative is the balance sheet structure of Alivio - it is more leveraged than most Mintos loan originators, which makes it more risky for buyers of its loans. Our initial score is 48

Returning: LF Tech

LF Tech has returned to Mintos. It is a Kazakhstan lender that provides payday loans and also loans secured on cars. The quality of financial information provided by LF Tech has always been very poor. The presentation uploaded by management has a lot of content, almost all of which is not very useful. The unaudited results published for 1H 2021 are very good, with a profit of €4.2m. That's very high given that their loan porfolio is only €22m in size. Our new score is 48. We will reassess this once new audited numbers become available

New: Jet Finance

Jet Finance is actually the former Mogo Kazakhstan business that has been taken over by the local management team. The fact that Mogo decided to abandon Kazakhstan doesn't fill us with much confidence in the prospects of Jet Finance. Still, they managed to make a profit of €0.5m in 1H 2021 after heavy losses in 2019 and 2020. The quality of the management presentation is very good for such a small company. Our initial score is 42. This will go up when there is more evidence that the turnaround is successful and the company gets bigger

Eleving (Mogo)

Eleving had a very difficult 2020. It made a big loss in the first half of the year and started to run very tight on capital. It's loan book also started to deteriorate quickly due to Covid impacts. However it now seems to have turned the corner. It has announced a profit of €7.8m for 1H 2021, and falling levels of non-performing loans. It still remains over-leveraged in our view, but this is less of a concern if it can continue to make strong profits. Our score is up by 3 to 68

Kviku

Kviku is based in Russia but now has lending operations in six countries in Europe and Asia. It appears on many P2P sites and recently started its own P2P site. It has started to show really promising signs in the last 12 months, with strong growth and increasing profits. It announced a profit of €3m for 1H 2020, and is generating some of the highest returns on assets we have seen recently. The main negative for Kviku is that it is still fairly small, but this is offset by a good track record and sensible balance sheet structure. Our score is up 5 to 62

Score retained: Creditstar

Creditstar has announced an (unaudited) profit of €2m for Q2 2021, up from €1.7m profit in Q1. Everything published looks good - steady growth, strong profits, and the issuance of new bonds to investors. The key thing many investors are focused on is the publication of audited results. Creditstar have promised the release of 2020 figures audited by KPMG later this month. We are looking forward to seeing these, and will reassess our score when they arrive. For now, our score remains unchanged at 72

Note: Capital Service

The Capital Service sitaution has been frustrating for Mintos investors. It blamed Covid and new laws in Poland for defaulting in 2020. It tried to use this as an opportunity to force Mintos investors to accept a big 'haircut' to their claims. This was rightly rejected however there is still a lot of uncertainty about when and how the company will be able to repay most of the amounts due. The company disclosed a loss of €3.9m for 2020, leaving it with negative equity of €1.5m. That's not as bad as expected, and shows that the terms of their initial proposal to investors was not justifiable in any way

Key updates: July 2021

Everest

Everest is a Polish lending company. We downgraded the score of Everest last year because of the introduction of new laws that hurt its business model, and also because it has an old fashioned approach that relies on 'face to face' meetings with borrowers that would be impacted by Covid. Everest announced a 75% fall in profits for 2020. However we noticed that their Q4 results seemed to be very strong and that it feels confident that its business model is now sustainable. Their balance sheet remains strong. We have increased our score from 58 to 64

Swell

Swell is another lending company that we have been fairly bearish about, as it is based in Mexico and lends to small businesses (high impact from Covid). It made a large loss in 2020 (relative to its capital base) but it seems to have turned the corner. Cost cutting has helped it to make a small (unaudited) profit in the first 5 months of this year. Swell will never be one of the best lending companies on Mintos, but even so, we have increased our score from 36 to 43

Credius

Credius is a fairly small Romanian lending company that appears to be very well managed. It announced an increase in (audited) profits in 2020 from €1.1m to €1.7m. It did this while cutting lending in response to Covid, and also significantly cutting its operating costs too. That seems like a very impressive outcome and the sort of management response to Covid we would hope to see. The Credius balance sheet remains one of the most conservative of all the Mintos lenders. Our score is up from 68 to 71

Score retained: Placet Group

We have long been fans of Placet Group because it is so consistent. It announced first half profits for 2021 of €1.9m. It has generated audited profits of between €3-4m for the last 3 years and it looks like 2021 will be the same outcome. Its balance sheet remains conservative, with around half of loans funded with shareholders equity. We recommend that investors check out Placet Group's own P2P site Moncera, where rates and loan availability are usually better than on Mintos. Our score remains 79

Wowwo

Wowwo is a Turkish company with a similar business model to Mogo/Eleving. It recently published its audited accounts for 2020 and a Q1 2021 update. A few things definitely jumped out at us when we reviewed the figures. First, the audited profits were only half as big as had been published in their uploaded management accounts. We would normally expect to see some variation of audited results but not a difference that large. We have asked Mintos to obtain an explanation from the company for the big

difference. Second, the auditor had given a qualified opinion. Although it only related to one specific topic it is not something we would expect to see and raises questions about the quality of the finance team at Wowwo. Finally, the company reduced the size of its loan portfolio materially during Q4 2020 and made a small loss (according to its management accounts). Wowwo says it has made an (unaudited) profit of €2m in Q1 2021 but for now we are a little skeptical about any of its management accounting numbers, and await an explanation about what happened in 2020. Our new score is down 13 to 59

New: Fenchurch Legal

Fenchurch Legal is a subsidiary of a new specialty finance company in the UK. It provides loans to law firms that are used to fund various small size lawsuits in the UK. The loans are secured against the litigation proceeds and also the value of any insurance payouts in the event that a claim is not successful. In theory it sounds like a pretty interesting niche with only limited risks. One thing that has not been disclosed is how many clients Fenchurch Legal has, and how diversified their lending portfolio is. Law firms can and do close down and

the lack of disclosure around this is disappointing. Fenchurch says that it made a profit of €0.5m in the year to May 2021. Its parent, SHP Capital provides a group guarantee. The company started in 2019 and only provides very limited, unaudited financial information. We think litigation finance is an interesting space. However our preferred exposure (for those who like to take risks) would be via AxiaFunder. They have already settled 5 out of 12 funded cases so far and investor returns / IRRs have been on average 55% which is phenomenal. As for Fenchurch Legal – our initial score is 42

Score retained: Iute

Iute has achieved some of our highest scores because of their high quality financial reporting, a long and profitable track record, and a sensible balance sheet structure. Their Q2 21 profits grew strongly to €1.9m, up from €1.1m in Q1. The proportion of non-performing loans continued to fall. Our score remains at 77

Podemos Progresar

Podemos Progresar is an unusual Mexican lending business. It focuses on lending to women only, and it obtains guarantees from people linked to the borrower to reduce the cost of bad debts. When it launched on Mintos in 2020 it did not provide full financial information or historical results and our scores reflected this. It has now published audited results showing a strong result for 2020 - a profit of €1.6m, up 40% on 2019. The main negative is its small size, with assets of less than €10m. We have increased our score from 47 to 57

Key updates: June 2021

Cream

Cream announced a loss of €0.8m for 2020. That's not terrible given the circumstances and the size of their business. We have been told that they have returned to profitability in 2021 although this is not verified. Cream have €9m of intangible assets in their balance sheet, which is a lot given that they have only €11m of capital. Our score is down 8, to 55

New: Mikro Capital Uzbekistan

Mikro Capital has several subsidiaries that list loans on Mintos, some with group guarantees and some without. It's Uzbekistan subsidiary is now active and has a group guarantee. It is a small but profitable business. Our initial score is 43. Our score does not attribute any value to the group guarantee but we acknowledge that in some situations it may have value for Mintos investors

Dana Rupiah

Indonesian lender Dana Rupiah has provided proper financial disclosures for the first time. It shows a business that was profitable during 2019 and then broke even in 2020. In response to Covid-19 it dramatically shrunk the size of its business last year. It is now extremely small - less than €1m of loans and equity. Following our review of the financial statements their score increased slightly, but remains low at 28

Score retained: Placet Group

Placet Group has been at the top of our ratings for a while, and its results in Q1 2021 gave us no reason to change our views. It made a profit of €1.1m for the quarter (up 12% on Q1 20). It continues to have a very conservative balance sheet structure, with a 50/50 funding split between debt and equity. It has been growing its loan book, but not too quickly. Our score remains at 79

Key updates: May 2021

Mogo

Mogo really struggled during 2020 but it seems to have turned the corner. It made a profit of €3.5m during Q1 21 compared to a €2.5m loss in Q1 20. Mogo also announced a €5.3m capital raise. This was done via a subordinated debt issue. It's not clear to us why shareholders are not willing to inject funds via a share issue.

We think the subordinated debt is a weaker form of equity injection and we have given less credit to it in our capital scoring than if ‘real’ equity was injected. High leverage remains Mogo’s biggest weakness. Mogo’s loan portfolio seems to be performing fine, with stable NPL ratios. Our new score is 65, up 4

Score retained: Delfin

Delfin announced a Q1 profit of €0.8m for Q1 21. That's slightly down on previous quarters but still a good result. Credit quality in its loan portfolio remains very stable. We saw no reason to change our previous score of 77

Score retained: Iute

It's a very similar story for Iute, another high rated lender. It announced Q1 21 profits of €1.1m. Its balance sheet was very stable and loan quality improved, with the net NPL ratio falling from 16.6% to 13.1%. Our score remains at 77

Lime Zaim

Lime Zaim was badly hit by Covid in the first half of 2020, which resulted in losses caused by increasing bad debt provisions. However, it seems to have had a very strong recovery during Q4 20, which led to the company breaking even for the year. This improved performance led to our score increasing by 5 to 52

Farewell to...

Kredit24, Acema and Swiss Credit have left Mintos. In the case of Kredit24, the company ceased operations but investors have now been paid back in full. Mintos announced that Acema and Swiss Credit are leaving because the companies did not provide enough loans to Mintos investors (which makes sense to us). All investors have been repaid.

Score retained: Creditstar

Creditstar has announced a (unaudited) profit of €1.7m for Q1 2020. That's a 25% increase on the previous quarter due to growing revenues and lower impairment charges. Creditstar has announced that KPMG are currently auditing their 2020 results, which will be released "during the summer". If there are no issues, our current score of 72 is likely to increase

EcoFinance

EcoFinance is a small Russian lender. It's not doing very well, and made a loss of €1.8m in 2020. So why are we upgrading the score? It received an equity injection of €2.4m during Q4 2020, sufficient to cover the loss made. Our score increased by 8 to 40

Mikro Kapital Moldova

Mikro Kapital Moldova performed fairly well in 2020, making a profit of €0.4m. However we noticed that it made a loss during Q4 20, and also increased its balance sheet leverage. This led to its score falling by 3 to 51

Kviku

Kviku offers loans on Mintos as well as its own P2P site where rates are currently up to 12%. It is a fairly 'average' mid-sized lender operating across 6 countries. It increased it's profitability quite significantly during Q4 20, leading to a profit of €1.1m for the year. Our score increased by 2 to 57

Updates: April 2021

New: Swell

Swell is a fairly small lending business based in Mexico. It focused on lending to small businesses in the country. We were not that impressed by the company's presentation - it doesn't seem to have any technology or strategy to differentiate itself. The balance sheet structure is fine, but it doesn't seem to have a profitable business model, and is loss making. Our initial score is 36

Esto

Esto is a lender based in Estonia. It has been growing steadily since it joined Mintos a couple of years ago. It performed well during 2020, announcing a profit of €1.5m. We just hope it doesn't increase leverage too much further from current levels. Our score increased by 3 to 65

Kviku

Kviku is a mid-sized Russian lender that is active on Mintos while also having its own P2P platform. Its results to September 2020 indicate that its profit for the year should be stable relative to 2019&18. The area of focus remains leverage - it has a relatively small amount of equity for the size of its lending operations. Our score increased by 2 to 55

Note: Mozipo

Mintos recently uploaded an excerpt of Mozipo's 2019 audited financial statements. Frankly, it is not clear what the situation is at the company. In 2018 the company disclosed a large negative equity position.The new figures show 'restated' figures for 2018 that look much better, and €4.9m of equity as of Dec 2019. Our view remains however that this company is best avoided, with a score of 35

Updates: March 2021

Score retained: Placet Group

Placet group announced an (unaudited) profit of €3.3m for 2020. That's a strong result given the challenges faced by lenders during the year, and slightly higher than 2019. While monthly profits fell a little during Q4, they seem to have rebounded in January and February. Their balance sheet structure remains conservative. Our score remains at 79

Note: IDF Eurasia

We have decided to alter our scoring approach to IDF Eurasia. We had previously provided data and scores for the holding company. However following discussions with Mintos it has become clear that the holding company was unlikely to provide sufficient financial information in the future for us to make an assessment. As the only subsidiary

active on Mintos is the Kazakhstan subsidiary, we are now presenting financial information and scores just for this entity. The quality of information available about this entity is better than average, particularly because it recently published a prospectus as part of a bond issue. Our initial score is 63.

Score retained: Wowwo

Wowwo is a car finance and retailing business based in Turkey. Wowwo released very strong results for Q3 2020. The strong results were during a period of depreciation of the Turkish Lira. Since then Lira has been volatile but it is currently trading at similar levels to last September. Our score remains at 72, supported by strong profitability and over €16m of shareholders equity.

Score retained: IuteCredit

IuteCredit published audited financials showing a profit of €5.2m for 2020. This is lower than 2019, mainly due to higher bad debt costs and some FX losses. The company was successful in cutting costs to offset some of the challenges that Covid-19 caused. Overall, the company has been performing well. It has strong growth plans - we will be monitoring to make sure this does not create too much leverage of their balance sheet. Our score remains 77.

Score retained: Delfin

Delfin group announced an (unaudited) profit of €3.6m for 2020. While this was slightly down on 2019, that is a very credible result given the impacts from Covid-19. One of the things we like about Delfin is that they have to comply with leverage covenants under the terms of their bond program. Delfin's leverage is well inside the covenant level. Our score remains at 77, one of the highest on Mintos.

Farewell to...

Stikcredit. Bulgarian lender Stikcredit has decided to quit Mintos to focus on starting up its own brand new P2P site, Afranga. The company has released new results for 2020 and they were very good given the circumstances. Stikcredit is offering very high interest rates at Afranga - 18% (maybe too high)? You can find the latest financials and our updated rating score for Stikcredit here.

Farewell to...

Aasa. We are pleased to see European lending group Aasa leave Mintos because they were a company that we were never able to get comfortable with. The information they published was inadequate, confusing and hinted at big problems.

Updates: February 2021

Mogo

In November we cut the score of Mogo following a Q3 loss of €3.5m and a decline in its capital base. Mogo has announced a significant Q4 profit of €9.1m. However, €6m of this comes from revaluing portfolios that the company acquired only a few months prior. This seems like a strange accounting approach. Putting that aside, the underlying results were however still a significant improvement on Q3.

We were also pleased to see that the company is (finally) taking steps to reduce its FX risk. Mogo has also announced that they are hoping to obtain an equity injection from new investors. That’s a good idea, because the company currently feels a little over-leveraged right now.

To reflect the turnaround in performance, our score is up 8 to 61.

Score retained: Iute Credit

Iute Credit's Q4 results were in line with expectations, resulting in a €5.2m profit for 2020. Iute seems to have done a good job of managing the challenges of 2020. While impairment costs rose significantly, the company was able to charge higher fees and heavily cut operating costs. Iute remains one of our highest rated loan originators, with a score of 77.

Score retained: Creditstar

Creditstar has been one of the most discussed LO's in the last 12 months. There has been 3 main criticisms from some investors - high levels of pending payments on Mintos, the lack of a big 4 / credible auditor, and the need to refinance several bond issues. These were all valid concerns. However, they are areas that the company seems to have made good progress recently.

The company had promised to clear the pending payments in the new year, and they have achieved that, with only a minor amount remaining at the end of January. The company successfully issued €20m of bonds in December (although admittedly at quite a high yield of 13.5%). The next issuance is planned in May 2021. On the audit side, the company has committed to using ‘an internationally recognised accounting firm’ (thought to be KPMG) to audit the 2020 results.

The audit of the 2020 results by a major audit firm will generate a lot of confidence among investors. That’s because based on the results provided to us, the company performed well during 2020. It has announced preliminary results for the year that show a profit of €5.7m. The underlying earnings during Q4 improved significantly compared to Q3, due to strong growth in net interest income and falling loan impairment charges. We would like to see Creditstar raise some equity during the first half of 2021 – it 

has always operated with a fairly stretched balance sheet. It seems to have strong growth plans, and it is going to require an equity injection if it wants to do this while retaining the confidence of its creditors. Our score remains 72.

Updates: December 2020

Lime Zaim

Lime Zaim is an online lender based in Russia. We cut the scores of all the Russian lenders earlier this year because of the negative outlook caused by both Covid-19 and the drop in oil prices. Lime has disclosed that it lost €0.9m in the first 9 months of 2020. That leaves the company with only
€3m of equity, which we would like to see them increase in the coming months. The loss was slightly higher than we had expected, and the Lime score has fallen 9 to 47.

Ecofinance

Ecofinance is another lender based in Russia. Like Lime Zaim, it's also not doing very well right now. As of September 30 it essentially had no equity left, after big losses this year. The company is small, and lost money last year too. That puts it pretty high on our list of lenders that could potentially vanish pretty quickly. We were expecting issues at Ecofinance, but they have burned through their equity faster than expected. As a result we have cut their score by 11 to 34.

Pinjam Yuk

Pinjam Yuk is a small lender based in Indonesia. It has just published results for the first 9 months of 2020 and things are not looking good for them. The company lost $3.5m in that period, which is more than the amount of equity that the company has remaining. The next 6 months will be very important for the company. Our new score is down 9 to 32.

Everest Finanse

In April we cut the score of Everest strongly. Although the company was very profitable, we had concerns about how well the business would do during Covid as it relied on face to face operations. It was also based in Poland, whose government brought in many regulations that impacted lenders. To some extent we have been proved right, with a 90% fall in profits during 2020. However it could have been worse. Our new score is up 5 to 58.

Kredit Pintar

Kredit Pintar is an Asian lending group. In October we cut their score because they still had not published any financial information for 2019. They have now released their audited results. Profits were down on 2018, but otherwise there were no big surprises. Our new score is up 4 to 57.

Dozarplati

Dozarplati is a Russian lender that is doing much better than many of its competitors in the country. It has been growing very quickly. This has translated into growing profits too - it is on track to make almost €6m this year. The main thing to keep an eye on is the company's leverage - it seems to have been paying out a lot of the profits generated as dividends. Our score is up 11 to 56.

Mikro Kapital Belarus

We have cut the score of Mikro Kapital Belarus for 2 reasons. Firstly, the company disclosed a significant increase in leverage during 2020. Secondly, there are significant political events taking place in the country, and it is unclear what impact this will have on the economy and lenders. Our score is down 9 to 54.

Mikro Kapital Russia

Mikro Kapital is yet another Russian lender who has released new results this month. We had cut their score earlier this year due to the troubled conditions in the country. The business managed to break even in the year to September, which was a better than expected result. The balance sheet structure also looks reasonable for a business of its size. Our score increased 8 to 53.

Score retained: Esto

Esto is a mid-sized Estonian lender. Since listing on Mintos, all of its metrics have tended to be in the middle of the range we see for lenders at Mintos. Everything seems to be going to plan for Esto this year, with profits slightly ahead of the prior year. Leverage is slightly higher than we would like to see. We have retained a score of 63 for Esto.

Wowwo

Wowwo is a company that has split opinion amongst Mintos investors. Some worry about the depreciation seen in the Turkish Lira in particular. Others see a business that is well run and has made profits in the past even with big currency devaluations. Results for 2020 have been strong so far, with profit up more than 100% year on year. We have increased the score by 2 to 72.

Updates: November 2020

Sun Finance

Sun Finance has provided updated financials for its subsidiaries in Denmark, Poland and Latvia. Each reported strong profits in the year to September. The results for Poland and Denmark were surprising, as other lenders in these countries have suffered from new regulations that have affected collection rates and profitability.

We have upgraded the ratings of these subsidiaries, but hope to learn more about how the Denmark and Poland subsidiaries have been able to perform so well. The weaker subsidiaries in Vietnam, Mexico and Kazakhstan did not provide any financial updates. These subsidiaries receive a group guarantee. However, as Mintos has a poor track record when it comes to enforcing group guarantees, we plan to continue rating these subsidiaries on

the basis of their own financials and track record. The Sun Finance group reported a profit of €12.1m in the 9 months to September, which was a strong result.

Wowwo

Wowwo published its audited financial statements for 2019. We are normally happy to receive audited figures, but unfortunately the audit opinion was qualified in several different areas. We have cut the disclosure quality score by 3 to reflect this. Our revised score for Wowwo is now 70.

Mogo

Mogo has been really struggling during 2020 and that negative trend accelerated during Q3 2020 when it announced a loss of €3.5m for the quarter, and €7.4m year to date. Mogo's major problem is the growth in loan provisions as a result of growing levels of non-performing loans. However it is also now feeling the impact of running significant FX risks from borrowing in Euros and lending in local currencies in

emerging markets. It also appears to have paid €4.7m of goodwill during Q3 on its acquisition of Kredo and Tigo. This acquisition, and the price paid looks very questionable given the current circumstances of Mogo. Another factor to highlight is that a large proportion of the reported equity consists of subordinated loans. This is lower quality capital than subscribed equity and there has been insufficient disclosures surrounding the terms of the instruments. Tangible shareholders equity (after deducting goodwill and 

intangible assets) had fallen to only €0.1m as of Sep 30, which is concerning. Ratings firm Fitch has issued a negative outlook. One positive of their analysis is that Fitch are treating the subordinated debt as equity after presumably having reviewed the terms and structure of the instruments. Mogo announced that it had stopped lending in several countries, and was focusing on debt collection. These are probably sensible actions but they are not decisions that are made when things are going to plan. The continued losses, 

uncertain outlook, non-core acquisitions, FX risks and deterioration in the size and quality of Mogo’s capital base means that we have significantly cut Mogo’s score from 72 to 53. 

Creditstar

Creditstar announced a headline profit of just over €2m for Q3. However when digging into the numbers we noticed that this includes a gain of €1.6m booked on revaluing a portfolio that was purchased (which is a surprising accounting treatment), and it also excludes an FX loss of €0.4m. That means that the underlying result was only breakeven. Our score has been cut from 76 to 72.

Score retained: Placet

Placet continue to perform well, and it has announced a profit of €3m in the 9 months to September. We don't expect Placet Group loans to be listed much longer on Mintos. They have recently repurchased €1m of loans, and are focusing on offering their loans via Moncera, and exploring other funding options. Our score remains at 79.

ID Finance Spain

ID Finance Spain recently provided a financial update that lacked much detail. Positives are that they reported a profit of €3.4m in the 9 months to September, and growth in shareholders equity. Negatives are the very poor quality of financial reporting and what seems to be increased leverage of the business. Our score has slightly fallen from 54 to 52.

New: Podemos Progesar

Podemos is a strange Mexican lender. It seems to be run for profit but has social objectives. Loans are all guaranteed by several people. The quality of information provided by the company is very poor. The business is currently mainly equity funded and it says it made a profit in the year to August. That's pretty much it. Other Mexican lenders on Mintos have been performing poorly this year. Investors should be cautious. Our initial score is 44.

IDF Eurasia

We have decided to continue cutting the score of IDF Eurasia. They make us nervous because they continue to publish quarterly updates that seem intentionally designed to avoid providing any hard numbers (like whether they made a profit or loss...) The Kazakhstan subsidiary that issues loans on Mintos appears to be performing adequately based on a recent bond prospectus we have obtained. But for now, we are losing confidence in the group and will wait for solid information before we change our mind. Our new score is down 13 to 46.

Score retained: Delfin

Delfin have announced profits of €3.2m in the 9 months to September. Notable events during Q3 were the issuance of €3.5m of unsecured 2 year bonds, and the payment of a €2m dividend. Operating performance was stable, and we have retained our score of 77.

Stikcredit

We have identified an error with the P&L translation uploaded by Stikcredit to Mintos. We had reduced their profitability score because it seemed that most of the 2019 profit related to a tax credit. We have seen from other sources that was not the case and the presentation of figures is incorrect. We have increased their profitability score and reduced their disclosure quality score. The net result is a net score increase of 3, to 51.

Next step: consider adding these sites to your portfolio

EstateGuru logo

EstateGuru is an excellent site that offers loans secured on real estate. Rates are high - around 11%. Currently mainly focused on the Baltic region of Europe but with plans to expand into other countries.

Viventor logo

Viventor is a similar site to Mintos, just smaller. Some secured loans are available. We also provide Viventor lender ratings.

Bulkestate logo

Bulkestate is a small but growing site focused on loans secured on real estate. It offers loans secured by real estate. Their rates are the highest in Europe for secured loans currently (11-14%)

October P2P logo

October is focused on lending to small businesses in France, Spain and Italy. Rates are often a little lower than the other sites we list here, but some investors will like October due to the countries it operates in.

All information published on ExploreP2P is subject to important disclaimers contained on our legal page here. No liability is accepted for the accuracy or otherwise of any information, scores or views published, and any direct or indirect losses are expressly disclaimed.

981 thoughts on “Who are the most solid lenders on Mintos? Our Mintos lender ratings

  1. Pingback: Actualización de mi Cartera – Julio 2020

  2. George Reply

    Hi. I love your web side. Very good work. My question is on the new user agreement of Mintos. What is opinion?I hate the fact that Mintos will charge me for legal costs involved with defaulted LO. Will Mintos take any responsibility for their wrong doings like allowing Finko providing loans through Mintos while having pending payments(Varks), Cashwagon etc? Also who is going to control them on the legal costs?

    If I leave Mintos before 12 of August will I pay for the legal costs on my pending payments outstanding?

    thanks

    • Oscar Harrington Post authorReply

      Thank you Asier! We have updated the page to include the new results

  3. Folkert Reply

    Any comments on IDF Eurasia? The exchange rate is deteriorating, I can’t find anywhere if they have hedged their euro debt.

    • Oscar Harrington Post authorReply

      Hi Folkert. They say that they use a combination of borrowing in local currencies, and perform spot transactions to ‘ensure net exposure is kept to an acceptable level’. Seems that they don’t perform any normal currency hedges. We don’t have any new information on IDF Eurasia, but have been cutting their score throughout the year to reflect the risks you raise.

    • Oscar Harrington Post authorReply

      Thanks as always Christian! We’ve updated Finitera and removed Credilikeme. Regarding Lime – we believe those numbers are actually for the 2019 year, so we’ve already got those in the table.

  4. Jmn Reply

    The new section about Mogo says:
    “”the recent loan originators that have defaulted, or are likely to: Mogo[…]””
    Mogo warning about a temporary covenant break doesn’t mean they’re on the way to default, aren’t they?
    Their 2021 bond trades almost at par.

    • Oscar Harrington Post authorReply

      Hi JMN – thanks – have updated the wording. We used to only talk about distressed lenders at the beginning, which is why we had that wording there. Clearly Mogo is not one of them….

      • Jmn Reply

        Thanks. I still can read: Finko (Sebo, Moldova)
        Probably to be updated too.

  5. José Henrique Reply

    I am not sure if there are (very) recent updates to Aforti case, but Aforti loans have been moved from “60+ days late” to “pending payments”. I tend to differentiate very much a “default”/”bad debt” (which seems to be Aforti case) from a “pending payment” from, say, Capital Service, which may be near bankrupt, but not exactly in default at the moment…

    I wonder whether Aforti actually settled to pay (and it is an actual pp) or Mintos simply regarded the payment deadline they set on the notification to Aforti as exceeded and labeled any loan as “pending payment” because of this (and it is in fact a bad debt/default)…

    Does anyone know if there are any updates not fully disclosed by Mintos yet?

    • Oscar Harrington Post authorReply

      Thanks Jerome, some interesting stuff in there, seems like performance is in line with expectations, they have cut costs quite significantly, and it’s positive for all that they received a covenants waiver.

    • Oscar Harrington Post authorReply

      Thanks – nothing much ever seems to happen at Agrocredit. I guess that’s a good thing for Mintos investors, would not want to be a shareholder though…It was very interesting to see the fee arrangements with Mintos – this is not normally disclosed by the loan originators.

  6. Jmn Reply

    Sebo is moving from Finko to Mogo, as its Group Guarantee, probably noteworthy.

  7. Petr Reply

    Hi all,
    what do you think about the Mintos stability as a company based on its annual report for 2019? It made a loss of nearly 1M EUR. What I read from the report, most of its income comes from LO provisions, which will be definitely lower in 2020, whereas most of the expenses are for people salaries and administrative, which is more or less stable I guess. I know they fired some people earlier this year, but that was some freshly hired development team as far as I remember. I am definitely not a pro in company finances, so I’ll be glad for any comments. Will the shareholders add some more equity? Or will Mintos borrow money somewhere? Or is it likely it will just not survive this?

    Best
    Petr

    • Oscar Harrington Post authorReply

      Hi Petr. This should not be too much of an issue for Mintos. The business is still growing and losses are to be expected. The business has a high value and it would not be difficult to find investors if more cash is needed. It is a significantly bigger business than Estateguru – who had a valuation of around €35million in its recent capital raising…

  8. Pingback: Moncera is a hip new P2P site that's getting attention

  9. Pingback: P2P Cafe [#16] Juni 2020 – Mit Tim dem Fremdkapital Jongleur | P2P Game - ein Investment Tagebuch

  10. Pingback: Best European Peer-to-Peer Lending Platforms in 2020 – Learn to manage your $, and your future is full of possibilities

    • Freeze_XJ Reply

      Nice find!
      Provides a lot of insight in what is happening over there, and it’s not good at all.
      First off, it seems that they decided in sept 2019 to wind down, and I’ve missed any announcement of that on Mintos.
      Secondly, about Mintos they state the following (translation by Google):
      “Currently, this platform is the primary source
      Company financing. To ensure mutual safety and driving comfort
      activities, the parties started talks in September 2019 aimed at reducing financial
      MINTOS involvement in CAPITAL SERVICE activities. As at the date of this report, they are pending
      talks and arrangements to work out the final solution. A company to maintain planned growth
      loan portfolio and diversify sources of financing in January 2020 concluded an agreement with
      entity operating a competitive peer to peer platform – FAST INVEST. ”
      So they’ve ran to another platform, and suddenly stopped paying somewhere in March.

      • Jan Reply

        Just a bit more information 18.6.
        We would like to inform you that on 31 May 2020 Mr. Ovais Siddiqui – Vice-President of the Management Board of Capital Service S.A. ended his cooperation with the company.

    • Oscar Harrington Post authorReply

      Thanks Jan. Interesting to see what happens with the company…

  11. Pingback: Portfolio Updadte: May 2020

    • Oscar Harrington Post authorReply

      Hi Jack – we believe that those numbers are actually for 2019 (despite the ‘as of April 2020 description at the top’), which are included in the table already.

  12. Centrino Reply

    Hi,
    In an email of 19 june, Mintos downgraded Cream Finance from rating B to B- ( but without any explanation).
    As I am investing in originators of 60+ scores, my question to you is : do you maintain your score of 63 ? Or will you recalculate / lower it ?
    Thank you!

  13. Jmn Reply

    >>Mintos has not suspended Cashwagon loans outside of Vietnam.
    It eventually did.

    • Oscar Harrington Post authorReply

      Thanks – text has been updated. They should have done that immediately really…

      • Jmn Reply

        Agree. And discount were very low, like -3%, during the short lapse between VN and other suspensions.
        I received some money from Cashwagon VN right now, looks like the recovery started.

  14. The South Sea Company Reply

    Most articles in the press about the Cashwagon Vietnam debacle have been written by financially illiterate people. The situation is a bit more nuanced than simple usury. CW has two entities in Vietnam: Lendtech (which has a lending license) gives out loans with a relatively low interest rate (12% p.a. or thereabouts). Cashwagon Vietnam operates the lending platform and takes fees for its services. The fees are significantly larger than the actual interest. We can expect CW to argue in court that “interest” is simply what the borrower has agreed to pay as cost of capital, while the prosecutor will argue that any charges that depend on the amount borrowed constitute part of total interest. With a quick Google search, one can find circulars from Vietnam’s central bank and legal reviews discussing loan fees (e.g. there are requirements about advertising them clearly), so CW’s lawyers can argue that the law clearly agrees in principle that the lender can impose fees on the borrower, and that these are distinct from interest.

    While I think the risk is high that CW will lose, it is not a foregone conclusion, and it would be dumb of them to not fight the charges to the end. If CW loses, unsecured lending will become economically inviable in the Vietnamese market, meaning that the Vietnamese ventures of Sun Finance, Aventus, Twino, etc. can all be expected to close in short order.

    • Christian Reply

      Thank you for this comment, I could not agree more that most of the reports out there are just, as unfortunately very often, oversimplifying the situation to a degree that any conclusion or opinion about it is fundamentally flawed. There was at least one News article who did mention the two entities. From what I heard, the main accusation is not even the fees or interest rate, but rather the illegal data collection that allowed them to call relatives and friends in case of overdue rates etc by collecting numbers from the address book, to keep the overall default rate as low as possible. In general, payday lenders are high-risk due to the ever-present risk of losing their license or getting wiped out indirectly through competitors etc by legal (competition) or illegal (we have a friend from the government) measures…

      I wonder how long investigation will last, and whether CW will survive this…

  15. Jmn Reply

    >> and the laws breach local regulations
    the “loans”?

    I lost big on this, but i was aware they were shark lenders, and their use of extra fees and procedure costs (~40% of nominal!) were barely legal. So that’s the game.
    I sold all my other Cashwagon, and my Kredit Pintar too, since they are the exact same type of online SE asian shark lenders.

    • Jan Reply

      I think the KP is OK, but I stopped invest there as well, but for example, Watu has around 180% APR which seems to be crazy high.

  16. Pingback: Portfolio Update: April 2020

  17. Nuno Reply

    Cashwagon Vietnam has just been suspended

    Its the total meltdown at Mintos

    • Oscar Harrington Post authorReply

      This is a bad one Nuno. It has been no secret that Cashwagon were charging high rates, Mintos should have identified the potential non-compliance with local usury laws…They can’t expect their investors to be doing these types of checks.

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